Hey, are you an electric vehicle (EV) owner or enthusiast? Do you want to know how to maximize the benefits of your EV and minimize the costs and challenges? If you do, then you’re in the right place. In this article, I’m going to share with you some of the best practices from electric vehicles that can help you improve your EV experience and performance. These best practices are based on the experiences and insights of 16 cities in nine countries that have been leading the way in EV adoption and innovation¹. These cities, from Shanghai to San Francisco, account for 30% of the EVs on the road today¹. So, let’s get started!

Best Practice #1: Choose the right EV for your needs

The first and most important best practice from electric vehicles is to choose the right EV for your needs. There are different types of EVs, such as battery electric vehicles (BEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs), and each one has its own advantages and disadvantages. For example, BEVs have zero tailpipe emissions, lower maintenance costs, and higher efficiency, but they also have limited range, longer charging time, and higher upfront cost. PHEVs have lower emissions than conventional vehicles, can use both electricity and gasoline, and have longer range, but they also have higher complexity, lower efficiency, and more maintenance costs. FCEVs have zero tailpipe emissions, high efficiency, and fast refueling time, but they also have high upfront cost, limited hydrogen availability, and high energy losses².

To choose the right EV for your needs, you should consider several factors, such as your driving habits, your budget, your environmental impact, and your local infrastructure. For example, if you drive mostly short distances within the city, have access to charging stations or outlets at home or work, and want to reduce your carbon footprint, then a BEV might be a good option for you. If you drive longer distances or in areas with limited charging options, have a moderate budget, and want to balance your emissions and fuel savings, then a PHEV might be a better choice for you. If you drive in regions with abundant hydrogen supply, have a high budget, and want to support the development of a new technology, then a FCEV might be an option for you.

Best Practice #2: Optimize your charging behavior

The second best practice from electric vehicles is to optimize your charging behavior. Charging your EV properly can help you extend your battery life, reduce your electricity costs, and support the grid stability. Here are some tips on how to optimize your charging behavior:

– Minimize your exposure to high temperatures. High temperatures can degrade your battery performance and capacity over time. Therefore, you should avoid parking or charging your EV under direct sunlight or in hot environments. You should also use a thermal management system or a cooling fan to regulate your battery temperature³.

– Minimize having your battery at 100% or 0% charge. Keeping your battery at full or empty charge can also damage your battery health and reduce its lifespan. Therefore, you should avoid overcharging or deep discharging your battery. You should also use a smart charger or a timer to stop charging when your battery reaches a certain level³.

– Avoid using fast charging units frequently. Fast charging units can provide a quick boost to your battery level when you need it urgently, but they can also generate more heat and stress on your battery. Therefore, you should use fast charging units sparingly and only when necessary. You should also monitor your battery temperature and voltage when using fast charging units³.

– Charge during off-peak hours or when renewable energy is available. Charging during off-peak hours or when renewable energy is available can help you save money on your electricity bills and reduce your environmental impact. Therefore, you should check your local utility rates and incentives and plan your charging schedule accordingly. You should also use a smart grid or a demand response program to adjust your charging load according to the grid conditions⁴.

Best Practice #3: Leverage the benefits of smart technologies

The third best practice from electric vehicles is to leverage the benefits of smart technologies. Smart technologies can help you enhance your EV performance, convenience, safety, and integration. Here are some examples of smart technologies that you can use:

– Smart dashboard. A smart dashboard can display various information about your EV status and performance, such as speed, range, battery level, energy consumption, driving mode, navigation system, entertainment system, etc. A smart dashboard can also provide feedback and suggestions on how to improve your driving efficiency and safety⁵.

– Smart app. A smart app can connect your EV with your smartphone or other devices and allow you to remotely monitor and control your EV functions, such as charging, climate control, locking, unlocking, etc. A smart app can also help you locate and reserve charging stations, pay for charging services, access customer support, etc⁵.

– Smart charger. A smart charger can communicate with your EV and the grid and automatically adjust your charging power, speed, and time according to your preferences and needs. A smart charger can also enable bi-directional power flow, which means that your EV can not only receive power from the grid, but also send power back to the grid or to other devices when needed⁴.

– Smart vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication. Smart V2X communication can enable your EV to exchange data and signals with other vehicles, infrastructure, devices, or networks and improve your mobility, safety, and efficiency. For example, your EV can communicate with traffic lights, road signs, parking meters, toll booths, etc., and optimize your route, speed, and parking. Your EV can also communicate with other EVs and avoid collisions, congestion, or hazards⁵. These are some of the best practices from electric vehicles that can help you make the most of your EV. By following these best practices, you can enjoy the benefits of your EV and contribute to a cleaner and smarter transportation system.